Yesterday when I was walking Piper and Nika on campus the tips of my ears got cold. I have a wool cap I wear when it's really cold, but I had my Pendleton hat on instead. It seems like whenever I'm wearing it, someone comments on it, and it does keep my head warm. But what to do about my ears?
A couple winters ago we bought some wool yarn, circular needles, and a few knitting books with the intention of knitting stuff; a hat to start because it seemed easier than socks and quicker than something like a sweater. Browsing around the knitting store, looking at all the cool yarn, and thinking about actually making something to wear from scratch got me all excited about the project.
Most of the time this sort of enthusiasm carries me through the first three-quarters of a project, and the desire to finally get the damned thing done gets me through the rest. This time, though, I started out overly ambitious, and my interest petered out after nine or ten rows.
Today I pulled it off the shelf in the living room and got back to work. I figure about ten more rows and I'll have a very simple knit ring I can pull over my ears, but below my stylin' hat, to keep my ears warm. And better than that, maybe the satisfaction of finishing my first knitting project will tempt me into starting and finishing a real project, like the hat I'd been thinking of a couple years ago.
There's a fire burning in the wood stove, Spoon's Kill the Moonlight on the stereo, and I'm ready to roll.
Update, Wed, 08 Nov 2006: I finished it this evening, and you can see what it looks like under my hat on the image to the left. It fits just about perfectly, but it's not really all that stretchy. I think that's because the last half of it was done entirely with knit stitches. I started with some sort of knit / purl ribbing, but one of the reasons I put the project down for two years was that it was too much for me to handle at the same time I was learning to knit.
I'm probably not going to say anything you haven't heard before from someone before, but I have to wonder about people and their obsessive cell phone use. This afternoon on my way home from work, there was a little furball of a dog running around the shoulder of Farmers Loop Road. The speed limit is 50 miles per hour, it was snowing, getting dark, and just before rush hour. There wasn't any danger I would hit it, but I looked around trying to see if there was a potential owner around. About 100 yards down the nearest cross street was a girl, head tilted, arm up to her head, completely oblivious to the world around her.
I realize that there are important reasons for cellular telephones. I often wonder what I would do if I hit a moose in the early morning when I go to work. And cell phones are really handy when you're traveling. But does a person really need to be in constant contact with everyone all the time?
Someday I'll probably get one.
But if I do, don't call me.
When I was in high school there was a downhill ski "club" that rented a bus and drove all of us down to Bristol Mountain, eight or ten times each winter. We'd leave right after school on Wednesdays, ski all afternoon and evening, and be back in Webster late that night. Portable cassette tape players were the iPod of that time, and I spent a lot of those bus rides getting sick from diesel fumes, listening to Peter Gabriel and reading Stephen King novels. To this day, whenever I hear certain tracks off Melting Face or Security, I can't help but think of Jack Torrance, Randall Flagg, and the other characters from King's early books.
Yesterday I finished Cormac McCarthy's No Country For Old Men, and for most of it, I was listening to Calexico. They're an independent rock group from Arizona that plays music that just sounds like the southwest. Perfect soundtrack for a book about the border country in Texas. Because the book made a strong impression on me, I have a feeling that whenever I hear Calexico in the future, I'll probably think of Moss, Bell and Chigurh.
Update Thu Jan 10 09:38:42 AKST 2008: Unless you really need a complete mirror like this, a much faster way to achieve something similar is to use Thanassis Tsiodras's Wikipedia Offline method. Templates and other niceties don't work quite as well with his method, but the setup is much, much faster and easier.
I've come to depend on the Wikipedia. Despite potential problems with vandalism, pages without citations, and uneven writing, it's so much better than anything else I have available. And it's a click away.
Except when flooding on the Richardson Highway and a mistake by an Alaska railroad crew cut off Fairbanks from the world. So I've been exploring mirroring the Wikipedia on a laptop. Without images and fulltext searching of article text, it weights in at 7.5 GiB (20061130 dump). If you add the fulltext article search, it's 23 GiB on your hard drive. That's a bit much for a laptop (at least mine), but a desktop could handle it easily. The image dumps aren't being made anymore since many of the images aren't free from Copyright, but even the last dump in November 2005 was 79 GiB. It took about two weeks to download, and I haven't been able to figure out how to integrate it into my existing mirror.
In any case, here's the procedure I used:
Install apache, PHP5, and MySQL. I'm not going to go into detail here, as there are plenty of good tutorials and documentation pages for installing these three things on virtually any platform. I've successfully installed Wikipedia mirrors on OS X and Linux, but there's no reason why this wouldn't work on Windows, since apache, PHP and MySQL are all available for that platform. The only potential problem is that the text table is 6.5 GiB, and some Windows file systems may not be able to handle files larger than 4 GiB (NTFS should be able to handle it, but earlier filesystems like FAT32 probably can't).
Download the latest version of the mediawiki software from http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Download (the software links are on the right side of the page).
Create the mediawiki database:
$ mysql -p mysql> create database wikidb; mysql> grant create,select,insert,update,delete,lock tables on wikidb.* to user@localhost identified by 'userpasswd'; mysql> grant all on wikidb.* to admin@localhost identified by 'adminpasswd'; mysql> flush privileges;
Untar the mediawiki software to your web server directory:
$ cd /var/www $ tar xzf ~/mediawiki-1.9.2.tar.gz
Point a web browser to the configuration page, probably something like http://localhost/config/index.php, and fill in the database section with the database name (wikidb) users and passwords from the SQL you typed in earlier. Click the 'install' button. Once that finishes:
$ cd /var/www/ $ mv config/LocalSettings.php . $ rm -rf config/
More detailed instructions for getting mediwiki running are at: http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Help:Installation
Now, get the Wikipedia XML dump from http://download.wikimedia.org/enwiki/. Find the most recent directory that contains a valid pages_articles.xml.bz2 file.
Also download the mwdumper.jar program from http://download.wikimedia.org/tools/. You'll need Java installed to run this program.
Configure your MySQL server to handle the load by editing /etc/mysql/my.cnf, changing the following settings:
[mysqld] max_allowed_packet = 128M innodb_log_file_size = 100M
[mysql] max_allowed_packet = 128M
Restart the server, empty some tables and disable binary logging:
$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart $ mysql -p wikidb mysql> set sql_log_bin=0; mysql> delete from page; mysql> delete from revision; mysql> delete from text;
Now you're ready to load in the Wikipedia dump file. This will take several hours to more than a day, depending on how fast your computer is (a dual 1.8 Ghz Opteron system with 4 GiB of RAM took a little under 17 hours with an average load around 3.0 on the 20061103 dump file). The command is (all on one line):
$ java -Xmx600M -server -jar mwdumper.jar --format=sql:1.5 enwiki-20060925-pages-articles.xml.bz2 | mysql -u admin -p wikidb
You'll use the administrator password you chose earlier. You can also use your own MySQL account, since you created the database, you have all the needed rights.
After this finishes, it's a good idea to make sure there are no errors in the MySQL tables. I normally get a few errors in the pagelinks, templatelinks and page tables. To check the tables for errors:
$ mysqlcheck -p wikidb
If there are tables with errors, you can repair them in two different ways. The first is done inside MySQL and doesn't require shutting down the MySQL server. It's slower, though:
$ mysql -p wikidb mysql> repair table pagelinks extended;
The faster way requires shutting down the MySQL server:
$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop (or however you stop it) $ sudo myisamchk -r -q /var/lib/mysql/wikidb/pagelinks.MYI $ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql start
There are several important extensions to mediawiki that Wikipedia depends on. You can view all of them by going to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:Version, which shows everything Wikipedia is currently using. You can get the latest versions of all the extensions with:
$ svn co http://svn.wikimedia.org/svnroot/mediawiki/trunk/extensions extensions
svn is the client command for http://subversion.tigris.org/. It's a revision control system that eliminates most of the issues people had with CVS (and rcs before that). The command above will check out all the extensions code into a new directory on your system named extensions.
The important extensions are the parser functions, citation functions, CategoryTree and WikiHero. Here's how you install these from the extensions directory that svn created.
$ cd extensions/ParserFunctions $ mkdir /var/www/extensions/ParserFunctions $ cp Expr.php ParserFunctions.php SprintfDateCompat.php /var/www/extensions/ParserFunctions $ cat >> /var/www/LocalSettings.php require_once("$IP/extensions/ParserFunctions/ParserFunctions.php"); $wgUseTidy = true; ^d
(the last four lines just add those PHP commands to the LocalSettings.php file. It's probably easier to just use a text editor.
$ cd ../Cite $ mkdir /var/www/extensions/Cite $ cp Cite.php Cite.i18n.php /var/www/extensions/Cite/ $ cat >> /var/www/LocalSettings.php require_once("$IP/extensions/Cite/Cite.php"); ^d
$ cd .. $ tar cf - CategoryTree/ | (cd /var/www/extensions/; tar xvf -) $ cat >> /var/www/LocalSettings.php $wgUseAjax = true; require_once("$IP/extensions/CategoryTree/CategoryTree.php"); ^d
$ tar cf - wikihiero | (cd /var/www/extensions/; tar xvf -) $ cat >> /var/www/LocalSettings.php require_once("$IP/extensions/wikihiero/wikihiero.php"); ^d
If you want the math to show up properly, you'll need to have LaTeX, dvips, convert (from the ImageMagick suite), GhostScript, and an OCaml setup to build the code. Here's how to do it:
$ cd /var/www/math $ make $ mkdir ../images/tmp $ mkdir ../images/math $ sudo chown -R www-data ../images/
My web server runs as user www-data. If yours uses a different account, that's what you'd change the images directories to be owned by. Alternatively, you could use chmod -R 777 ../images to make them writeable by anyone.
Change the $wgUseTeX variable in LocalSettings.php to true. If your Wikimirror is at the root of your web server (as it is in the examples above), you need to make sure that your apache configuration doesn't have an Alias section for images If any of the programs mentioned aren't in the system PATH (like if you installed them in /usr/local/bin or /sw/bin on a Mac) you'll need to put them in /usr/bin or someplace the script can find them.
MediaWiki comes with a variety of maintenance scripts in the maintenance directory. To allow these to function, you need to put the admin user's username and password into AdminSettings.php:
$ mv /var/www/AdminSettings.sample /var/www/AdminSettings.php
and change the values of $wgDBadminuser to admin (or what you really set it to when you created the database and initialized your mediawiki) and $wgDBadminpassword to adminpasswd.
Now, if you want the Search box to search anything besides the titles of articles, you'll need to rebuild the search tables. As I mentioned earlier, these tables make the database grow from 7 GiB to 23 GiB (as of the September 25, 2006 dump), so make sure you've got plenty of space before starting this process. I've found a Wikimirror is pretty useful even without full searching so don't abandon the effort if you don't have 20+ GiB to devote to a mirror.
To rebuild everything:
$ php /var/www/maintenance/rebuildall.php
This script builds the search tables first (which takes several hours), and then moves on to rebuilding the link tables. Rebuilding the link tables takes a very, very long time, but there's no problem breaking out of this process once it starts. I've found that this has a tendency to damage some of the link tables, requiring a repair before you can continue. If that does happen, note the table that was damaged and the index number where the rebuildall.php script failed. Then:
$ mysql -p wikidb mysql> repair table pagelinks extended;
(replace pagelinks with whatever table was damaged.) I've had repairs take a few minutes, to 12 hours, so keep this in mind.
After the table is repaired, edit the /var/www/maintenance/rebuildall.php script, comment out these lines:
# dropTextIndex( $database ); # rebuildTextIndex( $database ); # createTextIndex( $database ); # rebuildRecentChangesTablePass1(); # rebuildRecentChangesTablePass2();
and insert the index number where the previous run crashed into this line:
refreshLinks( 1 );
Then run it again.
One final note: Doing all of these processes on a laptop can be very taxing on a computer that might not be well equipped to handle a full load for days at a time. If you have a desktop computer, you can do the dumping and rebuilding on that computer, and after everything is finished, simply copy the database files from the desktop to your laptop. I just tried this with the 20061130 dump, copying all the MySQL files from /var/lib/mysql/wikidb on a Linux machine to /sw/lib/mysql/wikidb on my MacBook Pro. After the copying was finished, I restarted the MySQL daemon, and the Wikipedia mirror is now live on my laptop. The desktop had MySQL version 5.0.24 and the laptop has 5.0.16. I'm not sure how different these can be for a direct copy to work, but it does work between different platforms (Linux and OS X) and architectures (AMD64 and Intel Duo Core).
I came across The Books because they're similar to Animal Collective (Feels is a great album) in the last.fm similarity diagrams I've been playing with. Lost and Safe is their latest record. The music is hard to describe, but is oddly compelling. Most tracks are combinations of simple string melodies, odd percussion, manipulated vocals and lots of spoken words from random recordings. It's not quite ambient music, and it's also not the sort of thing you can hum while walking to your car in the parking lot. All the layered melodies, strange spoken words, and descending string progressions really bring a lot of emotion to the music.
My favorite tracks on the album are Smells Like Content, An Animated Discription of Mr. Maps, and An Owl With Knees. Smells Like Content and An Owl are both more straightforward than the other tracks, with nice layered melodies and mostly traditional vocals. Mr. Maps is a percussive tour de force and demands to be listened to loud. It's also got lots of spoken word material, including the great line: "Leaving the friendly aroma of doughnuts and chicken tenders hanging in the desert air." There's also someone reading what sounds like the criminal profile of a serial killer, but there isn't enough detail to figure out if it's from a movie or a news recording.
This is certainly not music for everyone. But if your tastes tilt toward the experimental and are looking for a change, give The Books a listen. I'm looking forward to picking up their previous two albums (Thought For Food, The Lemon of Pink) in the near future.